Suggested structure of submitted papers

Papers can be submitted either in Czech or English language. Each paper must contain English written Title, Abstract, and Keywords. Papers written in Czech should include these parts in both languages.

Title – the title of any paper should be short, but apt.

It should inform the reader about the topic, the paper deals with. It should be based on keywords. Remember, that too general titles can be misleading.

Abstract – the only purpose of abstract is to summarize the entire paper within one paragraph; we recommend the length of abstract to be 5-7 lines.

A particular construction of the abstract depends on the type of the paper. However, a general recommendation is as follows:

  • purpose of the paper, what is the topic, its significance + Aim, see Introduction;
  • the way, the aim is to be reached; methods to be applied;
  • key results and findings;
  • main conclusion, indicating the novelty of the research, its contribution.

Abstract construction should be the last step of writing paper. Thus, while the Title provides only initial information about the topic the paper deal with, Abstract states also the methods and results.

Keywords – approximately five most important words/expressions of the paper, there should be a tight relation to the Title and Abstract.

JEL Classification – basic classification of the paper as based on the Journal of Economic Literature system:

Introduction – the main purpose of introductive part of the text is to put the research into the context, state the aim and specify the structure of the following parts of the paper.

After reading the Introduction, the following should be clear:

  • significance of the topic focused on in the paper;
  • the present stage of the knowledge, particular directions of preceding research, what remains to be solved;
  • the central Aim of the paper should be a consequence of that – a need to extend a current level of knowledge into particular direction;
  • finally, a brief procedure of the research methodology should be outlined, including the structure of the following text.

Inner text – it may consist of more detailed review of previous research; it must provide the clarification of the terminology used in the paper, model specification, methods description. In particular, the data set used within the research must be identified.

Results and Interpretation/Discussion – in dependency on the kind of the paper, it can be separated into two distinct sections. First, the new results of the research are presented, commonly by means of tables or figures (objective part). It is useful, when the most important results are described in more details. Second, the author should comment about particular results; subjective point of view can be used when the results are interpreted and discussed (including causalities and possible consequences).

Conclusions – here, the main findings of the paper should be summarized.

It is a recapitulation of applied methods, achieved results, and conclusions. No findings, hypothesis, opinion or idea should present for the first time here. It should inform about fulfilling the aim of the paper.

Acknowledgements – when it is necessary to acknowledge some person or institution (e.g. since data or software were provided for free), it can be done between the Conclusion and References.

References – in this part of the paper we should refer to each source of information that was important to realize the research.

Each source of information included into the list should be referred to within the text. It is recommended to work with up-to-date literature, first of all papers in prestigious journals containing original results of related research

The most common types of literature are reviewed bellow.

• monographs: AUTHOR, A. (Year). Title. Place: Publisher.

COPELAND, T.E, WESTON, J.F. (1988). Financial Theory and Corporate Finance. Reading: Addison-Wesley.

• paper in journal: AUTHOR, A. (Year). Title of the paper, Name of the journal Volume: pages.

PATTON, A. (2006a). Modelling asymmetric exchange rate dependence. International Economic Review 47: 527-556.
PATTON, A. (2006b). Estimation of multivariate models for time series of possibly different lengths. Journal of Applied Econometrics 21: 147-173.

• book chapter: AUTHOR, A. (Year). Title of the chapter. In: Editor., E. (eds.): Book title. Place: Publisher, pages.

EMBRECHTS, P., MCNEIL, A., STRAUMANN, D. (2002). Correlation and dependence in risk management: Properties and pitfalls. In: Dempster, M.A.H. (eds.): Risk Management: Value at Risk and Beyond. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 176–223.

Appendix – overlarge Tables and Figures and possible derivations should be moved to Appendix.

Mathematical expressions – we suggest to use Equation of MS Word to type mathematical expressions. All types of brackets should be inserted by a given function.

Tables and Figures – these types of objects are used in order to increase the information value of the paper; while the title of table is put above it, for figures the reverse is true; since the journal format is double-column, larger tables (figures) are placed at the bottom (top) of a particular page.

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